Pesta Demokrasi 2020 dan Bayang-bayang Pandemi Covid-19

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Akhir tahun 2019, wabah melanda Wuhan, ibukota Provinsi Hubei, Republik Rakyat Cina. Tahun berganti, wabah yang belakangan sering disebut covid-19 (singkatan dari coronavirus disease 2019), ini, menyeberangi perbatasan, menuju ke berbagai belahan dunia lain. Dalam waktu singkat, virus tersebut menjadi pandemi global.

Photo: Mohamed Hassan/Pixabay

Organisasi Kesehatan Dunia (WHO) secara resmi mengumumkan status pandemi global pada Rabu, 11 Maret 2020. Ketika itu, coronavirus telah menginfeksi 126 ribu orang di 123 negara di seluruh benua. Pada 8 April, virus ini sudah memasuki lebih dari 200 negara, dan menginfeksi sekitar 1,44 juta orang. Sebanyak 82 ribu di antaranya meninggal dunia.

Merebaknya virus ini memaksa warga Planet Bumi membatasi kegiatannya, terutama yang melibatkan massa. Di antara yang terkena imbasnya adalah berbagai even pemilu dan referendum, baik berskala nasional maupun lokal. Sejumlah negara yang menyelenggarakan pesta demokrasi pada Januari dan Februari, banyak yang telah melaluinya. Namun, untuk kegiatan yang digelar bulan Maret, April, dan seterusnya, banyak yang akhirnya harus digeser, menunggu pandemi reda.

Amerika Serikat, yang pada April menjadi negara paling terinfeksi, terpaksa memundurkan sejumlah jadwal pemilihan pendahuluan (primary, kaukus, dan konvensi) pada akhir Maret dan April, ke bulan Mei hingga Juni. Bahkan, even konvensi nasional partai pun terpaksa dimundurkan, seperti yang dilakukan Partai Demokrat, dari semula pertengahan Juli menjadi pertengahan Agustus.

Beruntung, lebih dari separuh negara bagian di Amerika, telah menyeleggarakan pemilihan pendahuluan. Sehingga, tinggal menyelesaikan yang tersisa.

Indonesia, juga terkena imbasnya. Pilkada serentak gelombang keempat, yang sudah masuk tahapan pemutakhiran daftar pemilih, akhirnya dihentikan di tengah jalan. Pilkada yang dijadwalkan digelar 23 September 2020 tersebut, dimundurkan ke tahun 2021. Belum jelas bulan apa pesta demokrasi lokal itu kelak digelar. Pilkada serentak ini diselenggarakan di 270 daerah.

Negara apa saja yang menggelar pesta demokrasi tahun ini? Berikut daftar even pesta demokrasi sepanjang tahun 2020:

ASIA

  1. Taiwan general election 11 January 2020
    Taiwanese presidential election 11 January 2020
    Taiwanese legislative election 11 January 2020
  2. India
    Delhi Legislative Assembly election 10 February 2020
    Kolkata Municipal Corporation Election April 2020
    2020 Bihar Legislative Assembly election October 2020
  3. Tajik parliamentary election 1 March 2020
  4. South Korean legislative election 15 April 2020
  5. Sri Lankan parliamentary election 25 April 2020
  6. Mongolian legislative election 24 June 2020
  7. Indonesian local elections 23 September 2020
  8. Hong Kong legislative election September 2020
  9. Kyrgyz parliamentary election 4 October 2020
  10. Myanmar general election
  11. Singaporean parliamentary election

AFRIKA

  1. Comorian legislative election 19 January and 23 February 2020
  2. Togolese presidential election 22 February 2020
  3. Guinean legislative election 22 March 2020
  4. Guinean constitutional referendum 22 March 2020
  5. Somaliland parliamentary election 27 March 2020
  6. Malian parliamentary election 29 March 2020
  7. Burundian general election 20 May 2020
  8. Malawian general election 2 July 2020
  9. Ethiopian general election 29 August 2020
  10. Ivorian presidential election 31 October 2020
  11. Burkinabé general election 22 November 2020
  12. Egyptian parliamentary election November 2020
  13. Nigerien general election 27 December 2020
  14. Ghanaian general election
  15. Seychellois presidential election
  16. Tanzanian general election

EROPA

  1. Greek presidential election 22 January 2020
  2. Irish general election 8 February 2020
  3. Azerbaijani parliamentary election 9 February 2020
  4. Slovak parliamentary election 29 February 2020
  5. French municipal elections 15 and 22 March 2020
  6. Teplice -election 27 and 28 March 2020
  7. Spanyol:
    Basque regional election 5 April 2020
    Galician regional election 5 April 2020
  8. North Macedonian parliamentary election 12 April 2020
  9. Serbian parliamentary election 26 April 2020
  10. Polish presidential election 10 May 2020
  11. Icelandic presidential election June 2020
  12. Belarusian presidential election 30 August 2020
  13. French Senate elections 24 September 2020
  14. Northern Cypriot presidential election 11 October 2020
  15. Lithuanian parliamentary election 11 and 25 October 2020
  16. Georgian parliamentary election October 2020
  17. Czech regional elections October 2020
  18. Czech Senate election October 2020
  19. Croatian parliamentary election 23 December 2020
  20. Moldovan presidential election
  21. Montenegrin parliamentary election October 2020
  22. Portugal:
    Azorean regional election October 2020
  23. Romanian parliamentary election

AMERIKA UTARA

  1. Sint Maarten general election 9 January 2020
  2. Dominican Republic general election 17 May 2020
  3. Mexican local elections 7 June 2020
  4. Saint Kitts and Nevis general election August 2020
  5. United States elections
    Democratic Party presidential primaries
    Republican Party presidential primaries
    United States gubernatorial elections, 3 November 2020
    United States House of Representatives elections, 3 November 2020
    United States presidential election, 3 November 2020
    United States Senate elections, 3 November 2020
    Puerto Rico gubernatorial election, 3 November 2020
  6. Belizean parliamentary election 1 November 2020
  7. Vincentian general election December 2020
  8. General elections in Turks and Caicos Islands
  9. Canada
    Saskatchewan general election 26 October 2020

AMERIKA SELATAN

  1. Peruvian parliamentary election 26 January 2020
  2. Guyanese general election 2 March 2020
  3. Falkland Islands electoral system referendum, September 2020
  4. Bolivian general election 3 May 2020
  5. Surinamese general election May 2020
  6. Brazilian municipal elections 4 October and 25 October 2020
  7. Trinidad and Tobago general election September 2020
  8. Venezuelan parliamentary election Before December 2020

TIMUR TENGAH

  1. Iranian legislative election 21 February 2020
  2. Israeli legislative election 2 March 2020
  3. Syrian parliamentary election 20 May 2020
  4. Jordanian general election September 2020
  5. Kuwaiti general election

OCEANIA

  1. Vanuatuan general election 19 March 2020
  2. Australia
    Queensland Local Government elections, 28 March 2020.
    Tasmanian Legislative Council elections, 2 May 2020.
    Northern Territory general election, 22 August 2020
    NSW Local Government elections, 12 September 2020.
    Australian Capital Territory general election, 17 October 2020
    Queensland state election, 31 October 2020
  3. Kiribati parliamentary election, 7 and 15 April 2020
  4. New Caledonian independence referendum, 6 September 2020
  5. New Zealand general election, 19 September 2020
    New Zealand cannabis referendum
    New Zealand euthanasia referendum
  6. Niuean parliamentary election
  7. Palauan general election

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